# Common Electrical Schematic Symbols: An Overview

Understanding electrical schematic symbols is essential for any electrician or electrical engineer. It is a fundamental skill that requires a working knowledge of the symbols and components used in wiring diagrams. Every professional who deals with electrical wiring and troubleshooting must have an understanding of these symbols. With this in mind, it is important to know what kind of diagrams are out there and how to interpret them.

In this article, we will discuss the most common electrical schematic symbols and how they are used in creating wiring diagrams. We will also discuss some of the different types of diagrams, such as ladder diagrams, breaker diagrams, and network diagrams. Finally, we will review some best practices when interpreting symbols and diagrams. By the end of this article, you should have a better understanding of symbol meanings and be able to confidently interpret wiring diagrams.

## Terminal Symbols

The first set of symbols we will discuss are the terminal symbols. These symbols represent connections between the various components of a circuit. There are three main types of terminals: power, control, and signal. Each one has its own specific symbol, which can be seen in the diagram below.

Power terminals are used to connect sources of power, such as batteries or AC lines. Control terminals are used for controlling switches, motors, and other devices. Signal terminals are used to connect devices that send and receive data through signals, such as a light switch.

## Relay Symbols

Relays are electrical devices that use an electromagnet to open or close a switch. They are commonly used in applications where a small current needs to control a large current. The symbols for relays can be seen in the diagram below.

The symbol for a relay consists of two circles, one larger and one smaller. The larger circle represents the coil of the relay and the smaller circle represents the contacts. The contacts of the relay indicate whether the switch is open or closed. Relays can be used to control lights, motors, solenoids, and other electrical devices.

## Resistor Symbols

A resistor is an electrical component that limits the flow of current in a circuit. Different types of resistors have different symbols. The most common type of resistor is the fixed resistor, which is represented by a zigzag line with arrows pointing in opposite directions.

The symbol for a variable resistor is similar to the fixed resistor symbol but with a curved line at one end. This indicates that the resistance can be changed by manipulating the end of the line. Variable resistors are used to adjust the amount of current flowing through a circuit.

## Conclusion

Electrical schematic symbols are essential for anyone dealing with electrical engineering or wiring. Understanding these symbols is the key to accurately interpreting wiring diagrams. In this article, we discussed the most common electrical schematic symbols and how they are used in creating wiring diagrams. We also discussed some of the different types of diagrams, such as ladder diagrams, breaker diagrams, and network diagrams. Finally, we reviewed some best practices when interpreting symbols and diagrams.

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